v1. What does bond-servant mean? To put yourself in the service of someone to pay a debt.
It was estimated that half of the approximately 1.2 million people in Rome were slaves.
What is an apostle? An eyewitness to the resurrection.
v3. What does according to the flesh describe? The human nature.
Paul is pointing out that Jesus had two natures – Divine and Human.
v4. If the resurrection didn’t happen then Christianity is false. (1 Cor. 15)
v5. “for His name’s sake” – The reason for the Gospel is to glorify God!
Does God get anything out of us obeying him? God is always pleased by praise, but God is perfect and unchangeable.
So we actually get the benefit of magnifying God.
v13. Paul is in control of his purpose, but he is not in control of his circumstance. If we could it would be all about us.
When we don’t get what we want, then we can grow.
v14. We are obligated and indebted to evangelize. You can’t bring everyone to Christ, but you can bring Christ to everyone.
v16. The Gospel is from God, it saves and it is for all.
v17. By faith (trusting in) Christ, not by the Law. This is the theme of the book of Romans.